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Fertility Treatments

CAUSES OF MALE INFERTILITY

  • Varicose veins around the testicles (varicocele).
  • Obstruction (blockage) of the genital tract
  • Anatomical abnormalities of the genitals, such as undescended testicles.
  • Genital injury.
  • Intercourse problems such as premature withdrawal or poor timing with their partner’s menstrual cycle.
  • Genetic abnormalities.
  • Cystic fibrosis.
  • Opiates.
  • Smoking.
  • Hormonal disturbances
  • Cancer medications and radiation therapy.
  • Sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Use of some medications, such as some for high blood pressure, some antidepressants, and male hormones.
  • Mumps after puberty.
  • Prostate surgery.
  • Excessive alcohol consumption.
  • Spinal cord injury.
  • Urinary tract infection.
  • Illicit drug use (e.g. using cocaine, smoking marijuana).
  • Steroids.
  • Environmental factors may also affect male fertility.
  • Prior vasectomy

 

INVESTIGATIONS FOR MALE INFERTILITY (Depending on cause)

  • History and physical examination
  • Semen analysis
  • Scrotal/prostate ultrasound
  • Hormonal testing
  • Genetic testing
  • Post-ejaculate urinalysis
  • MRI of the genital tract
  • Sperm DNA testing

 

TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR MEN

  • Varicocele repair
  • Microsurgery to correct obstruction
  • Vasectomy reversal.
  • Hormonal treatment
  • Surgical sperm retrieval.
    • Surgical Procedure-Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration (PESA) and Testicular Sperm Extraction (TESE).
    • Surgical Procedure- Micro Surgical Testicular Sperm Extraction (MicroTESE)
  • Trans-urethral resection of ejaculatory duct
  • Healthy Living

Ready to find out more?

Ottawa Fertility Centre

100-955 Green Valley Crescent
Ottawa, ON K2C 3V4, Canada
613-686-3378

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