Fertility Treatments

CAUSES OF MALE INFERTILITY
  • Hormone disturbance.
  • Overheating of the testicles caused by exercise, hot water, tight clothing, excessive sitting (truck drivers) and other conditions and situations.
  • Mumps after puberty.
  • Anatomical abnormalities of the genitals such as undescended testicles.
  • Genital injury.
  • Varicose veins in the testicles.
  • Intercourse problems such as premature withdrawal or poor timing with their partner’s menstrual cycle.
  • Genetic abnormalities.
  • Cystic fibrosis.
  • Opiates.
  • Smoking.
  • Cancer medications and radiation therapy.
  • Sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Use of some medications, such as some for high blood pressure, some antidepressants, and male hormones.
  • Prostate surgery.
  • Excessive alcohol consumption.
  • Spinal cord injury.
  • Urinary tract infection.
  • Illicit drug use (e.g. using cocaine, smoking marijuana).
  • Steroids.
  • Environmental factors may also affect male fertility. Sperm counts are going down in industrialized countries due to unknown environmental factors.
TYPES OF MALE INFERTILITY
  • Azoospermia: no sperm in the ejaculate.
  • Oligospermia: low concentrations of sperm in the ejaculate.
  • Asthenospermia: sperm are present but can’t swim normally.
  • Teratospermia: high proportion of abnormally-shaped sperm.
  • Retrograde ejaculation: the tube through which sperm normally travel is blocked and sperm may end up in the bladder.
TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR MEN
  • Healthy living.
  • Vasectomy reversal.
  • Surgical sperm retrieval.
  • Surgical Procedure-Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration (PESA) and Testicular Sperm Extraction (TESE).
  • Surgical Procedure- Mirco Surgical Testicular Sperm Extraction (MicroTESE)

Ready to find out more?

Ottawa Fertility Centre

100-955 Green Valley Crescent
Ottawa, ON K2C 3V4, Canada
613-686-3378

Kingston Fertility

202-1473 John Counter Boulevard
Kingston, Ontario, Canada

613-417-1931
613 417-1932